The Revolution of 1911 was the beginning of the People’s Republic of China. During this time, the government proposed the abolishment of traditional Chinese medicine and took measures to stop its development and use. In 1928, the Communist party of China was formed under the leadership of Chairman Mao. As there was very little or no medical services available at the time, the government encouraged the use of traditional Chinese remedies because they were affordable and accepted by the Chinese people.
Traditional Chinese medicine regained popularity in the early 1950s as the use of acupuncture and herbal medicine became standard medicine in China. Many hospitals opened clinics to provide, teach and investigate the traditional methods, with research performed at institutions in Beijing, Shanghai and Nanjing.
From 1966 to 1976, Chinese medicine underwent a period of extreme hardship. During the Cultural Revolution, traditional doctors were purged from schools, hospitals and clinics, and many of the old practitioners were jailed or killed.
The National Association for Chinese Medicine was established in 1979, and several of the traditional texts were recovered, edited and republished.
Today, traditional Chinese medicine is the primary healthcare system for over 20% of the world’s population and is the fastest growing form of healthcare in the United States. The fact that TCM has existed for thousands of years, and is still used today, is a testament to its value as a highly effective form of healthcare.